Safety Tips for Child Pedestrians

Children tend to be impulsive and energetic and do not always think about their own safety.

Car Accident Involving a Child

Studies have indicated that approximately 20 percent of child car accident fatalities involved a pedestrian child. These accidents generally happen during the hours when children are going to or from school. Children tend to be impulsive and energetic and do not always think ahead about their safety. In most cases, these impulsive reactions result in minor scratches or bruises; however, when a child is playing in close proximity to a road, then a careless action can have devastating consequences.

Protecting Our Children From Harm

As a parent, we wish to watch over our children at all times, protecting them from harm. We teach them safety habits to keep them safe when we are not with them. Listed below are safety tips for walking on the road to help keep your children safe.

Pedestrian Safety Tips

• A green light does not mean that it is absolutely safe to cross the road. Always use caution while crossing a street. Stop and scan the intersection for vehicles making a right turn at a red light or cars that disregard a red signal.

• A cross walk is not always safe. Drivers are required to stop at cross walks when there are pedestrians waiting to cross. However, because not every driver follows traffic rules, wait for vehicles to come to a full stop before stepping onto a cross walk. Look left-right-left to check for any incoming vehicles.

• Just because you can see the driver of an incoming vehicle, it does not mean that he or she can also see you. Children, being small, can easily be missed by drivers who are not paying much attention on what is ahead or by drivers of large vehicles. Be extremely cautious when walking in front of or behind vehicles.

• Wearing bright colors at night does not ensure that drivers will be able to see you in the dark. Avoid walking on the road at night. If you must be a nighttime pedestrian on the road, carry a flashlight while walking on the road or wear retro-reflective clothing. Walk on the left side of the road so that you can see the incoming traffic.

Never run across the street while trying to beat the traffic. Running or darting across a street is extremely dangerous. A driver may become confused and fail to take evasive action when a child suddenly darts ahead, resulting in a catastrophic situation.

Injured by a Negligent Driver

If your child has been injured in an accident caused by a negligent driver, contact an experienced St. Louis traffic accident lawyer. Call The Hoffmann Law Firm, L.L.C. at (314) 361-4242.


Gathering Evidence for a Personal Injury Claim

What evidence do you need to gather for a personal injury claim?

A car accident can be a traumatic experience both physically and mentally. What should you do after a car accident? Stay calm, seek medical attention, and follow the tips listed below. These tips will help you gather evidence to support a personal injury claim if the accident was the result of the other driver’s negligence. This checklist will help you organize the information you collect.

Identify the Other Driver

Record the name, address, phone number, and e-mail address of the driver of the other vehicle involved in the accident. The insurance details should also be noted along with the license plate number of the vehicle.

Photographs of Vehicle Damage

Take lots of photographs of the damage sustained by your vehicle and the damage on the other vehicle. Try to include landmarks like nearby buildings, traffic signals, trees, and billboards in the pictures as they help investigators to reconstruct the accident.

Police Report

Call the police and report the accident as it formally records the incident and can be useful to your case.

Eyewitness Reports

Record the name, address, phone number, and e-mail address of all witnesses around the accident site. If a witness allows it, take a photograph or video of the witness as well.

Record of Medical Care and Expenses

Keep a detailed note of all expenses incurred for medical care and doctor visits. Record them in chronological order with the date and time for each hospital visit and treatment received. Include out-of-pocket expenses incurred for each treatment and prescription drugs. Always save the receipts and attach them to your notes.

Employment Records

Keep a note of the hours spent away from work due to injuries suffered, medical treatment, and doctor appointments. It is advisable to get a letter from the employer confirming your missed work and wages lost.

Photographs of Injuries

Take photographs of your injuries and the process of healing. This will provide a visual timeline for the bodily injuries sustained in the accident.

Pain and Suffering

Keep a journal of your thoughts and feelings you undergo doing your recovery phase and make note of how the injury has affected your day to day life.

Vehicle Repair Estimates and Bills

Get an estimate for repairs from at least three reputed automotive repair shops. Save copies of these estimates and invoice of any repair work done on your vehicle after the accident.

Out-of-Pocket Expenses

Keep a record of all extra payments you have had as a result of the accident. Include childcare expenses, vacation disruptions, transportation charges, and charges for domestic help.

This information will help your St. Louis car accident attorney to prepare your case and help you receive the maximum possible damages for your injuries and losses.

The Hoffmann Law Firm, L.L.C.

(314) 361-4242

Passenger Injury Claim After a Car Accident

The rights of a passenger injured in a car accident is similar to any other injured party.

The personal injury claim of a passenger who becomes injured in a car accident is comparatively simpler than that of the driver because the passenger does not have to prove liability for the accident as one of the driver’s will be held liable. The rights of a passenger injured in a car accident is similar to any other injured party. The victim must prove two things – liability and the severity of injuries sustained in the accident.

Establishing Liability of the Driver

If a car accident involves two cars, at least one of the drivers will most likely be held liable for causing the accident. It generally happens that either of the two drivers would have been driving in a negligent manner which resulted in the accident. If the accident involves only one car, for example, hitting a tree, the driver of the car will be held liable for driving negligently or failing to drive cautiously. There are, however, exceptions to this rule. In case a car hits a deer, which jumped in front of the car, the liability will not rest with the driver as he or she did not expect the deer to be there. Hence the driver may not be considered negligent in this case.

Passenger Injury Claim

A claim for passenger injury is just like a personal injury claim for car accidents; the only difference is that the claim will be filed against both drivers, in the case of a two car accident. The passenger is required to obtain the insurance information from both the drivers and file the compensation claim with the insurance company of the respective drivers. There are certain types of accidents where one of the drivers is not at all liable for causing the accident. A rear-end collision is one such type where the driver of the front vehicle is not liable for any negligence. In such cases the claim is filed against the driver of the vehicle which rear-ended the lead car.

When Two or More Passengers Are Involved

One complication in passenger injury claims is when there are two or more passengers involved. For example, if three passengers are injured in a rear-end collision, they will all file for damages against one driver. The maximum settlement amount may be limited by the driver’s insurance and the three may have to settle for compensation lower than the worth of their case. In these cases, a St. Louis car accident attorney will need to be consulted to receive the maximum amount of compensation. If you have been injured as a passenger in a car accident, call The Hoffmann Law Firm, L.L.C. at (314) 361-4242 for a free consultation.

St. Louis Car Accidents and Back Injuries

Back injuries are a common injury sustained in car accidents; even seemingly minor accidents can result in severe injuries to the back.


Automobile accidents are a common occurrence. The unfortunate aspect of an accident is the injuries sustained by the occupants of the vehicles involved. Back injuries are a common injury sustained in car accidents. The impact of a collision, however minor it may be, can be too much for the human body to absorb, and even seemingly minor accidents can result in severe injuries to the back.

Type of Back Injuries

Back injuries can be of various types depending on the type of impact and region of the back injured. The spine, which is encased inside the vertebral column, can be broadly divided into three regions – cervical vertebrae (neck region), thoracic vertebrae (upper back region), and the lumbar vertebrae (lower back region). The spinal cord is surrounded and supported by discs, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. An injury to the back can vary from being temporary to permanent and the pain associated can be mild or debilitating.

Thoracic Spine Injuries: These injuries are caused by high speed automobile accidents and are the most serious of all. The chances of suffering permanent nerve damage are quite high in these injuries.

Lumbar Spine Injuries: The lumbar region consists of the five largest vertebrae and strongest muscles to support the spine. Injury in this region can be a sprain or a strain. In case of a sprain, the ligaments are damaged, whereas in a strain, the ligaments, tendons, or muscles are stretched. The injury can cause bruising, swelling, and limited movement and can severely impact day-to-day activities.

Herniated Discs: A disc is a cushion between two adjacent vertebrae. When a disc is displaced or ruptured, there is excessive pressure exerted on the spinal cord and the adjacent nerves, causing excessive pain in the lower region and numbness in the legs.

Spinal Cord Injuries: The spinal cord is the most important and sensitive organ after the brain. Injuries to the spinal cord include bruising, excessive pressure, and permanent damage. These injuries can cause short- or long-term disabilities, loss of sensation in specific body parts, loss of reflexes, and total or partial paralysis. There can be secondary conditions resulting from spinal cord injuries such as bleeding, blood clots, infections, and spinal fluid leaks.

Diagnosing and Treating Back Injuries

Back injuries resulting from car accidents can be diagnosed and their severity can be determined by various techniques like X-ray, MRI, CT scans, bone scans, and myelograms. The nature of treatment depends on the type and severity of the injury sustained by the accident victim. Minor back injuries can be treated with pain medication and injections, physical therapy, and chiropractic care. Severe injuries may require surgical procedures for correcting the damage.

St. Louis Car Accident Attorney

If you have sustained a back injury in a car accident, the most important thing is to seek medical attention for your condition. After recovery, you can file for compensation for the injury sustained. The compensation may include the medical expenses incurred in treatment of the injury, pain and suffering endured, and the impact of the injury on day-to-day life. An experienced St. Louis car accident lawyer can help you receive the best compensation for your injuries.

The Hoffmann Law Firm, L.L.C.

(314) 361-4242